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An antique musical clock originally made for Marie Antoinette.
Original text from delawareonline with Japanese translation.

* See my post about Dulcimer Player,  created by the same artists and devoted to Marie Antoinette.


* マリー・アントワネットのために同じ作者が制作したダルシマー・プレイヤーについて投稿していますので、こちらも見てください。


Museum’s timepiece gingerly heads to Met

7:40 PM, Oct 9, 2012



Image: blogs.christies.com
musical timepiece

As the clock struck 10:30 Monday morning movers at Nemours Mansion and Gardens began disassembling a musical timepiece originally built for Marie Antoinette.

月曜日朝10時30分を時計の針が刺すと、米デラウェア州Nemours Mansion and Gardens(Nemours美術館)で、運送業者がマリー・アントワネットのために制作されたミュージカル時計 (musical timepiece)の分解を始めた。

The clock, which emanates enchanting tunes through a pipe organ and dulcimer, is temporarily parting way with the estate and heading to New York on Thursday. The move is a rare one for Nemours, but then again it’s not every day The Metropolitan Museum of Art comes calling.

Image: delawareonline.com
musical timepeice


“It never happens,” Francesca Biella Bonny, registrar at the museum in Rockland, said about lending the antique clock. “It has never happened before and it probably will never happen again.
“If it weren’t that this is the Met, it probably would not be happening now,” she noted.
The Met approached Nemours two years ago about borrowing the clock for an upcoming exhibit: “Extravagant Inventions: The Princely Furniture of the Roentgens.”

Image: delawareonline
musical timepiece

Metは、間もなく開催される「Extravagant Inventions: The Princely Furniture of the Roentgens (ぜいたくな発明品:レントゲン家の華麗な家具)」にこの時計を展示するため、2年前からNemours美術館と貸し出しの交渉を始めた。

The exhibit, which runs from Oct. 29 through Jan. 27, will display works by Abraham Roentgen and his son, David. It’s supposed to be a comprehensive survey of their cabinetmaking company from the early 1740s to its closing in the early 1800s. According to the Met, the Roentgens’ innovative designs and mechanical devices revolutionized traditional French and English furniture types.

Image: Wikipedia
David Roentgen


Nemours’ clock was built by the team of David Roentgen and Peter Kinzing.
While Roentgen made the cases, Kinzing produced complicated mechanisms for furniture and astronomical clocks with chimes or pendulums, according to the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. The partnership was highly successful, and in 1785 both were honored with titles from the French monarchy, with Kinzing becoming horloger de la reine (Clockmaker to the Queen).

ロサンゼルスのJ.ポール・ゲッティ美術館によると、レントゲンが外側を制作し、キンツィンクが家具やチャイムまたは振り子のついた天文時計の複雑な機械部分を担当した。二人の共同制作は大成功を納め、1785年には二人ともフランス王家から称号を授り、キンツィンクはhorloger de la reine (女王の時計職人)になった。

The duo finished the clock for Marie Antoinette about 1785. It plays music by Christoph Willibald Ritter Gluck, an 18th century German composer known for his operas, including Iphigénie en Aulide. That tune played on the clock’s pipe organ and dulcimer.

Image; Wikipeida
Christoph Willibald Ritter von Gluck (2 July 1714 – 15 November 1787)
Under the patronage of his former music pupil, Marie Antoinette, who had married the future French king Louis XVI in 1770, Gluck signed a contract for six stage works with the management of the Paris Opéra. He began with Iphigénie en Aulide (19 April 1774).


While historians are certain the 82-inch tall timepiece was made for the French queen, it’s unknown if the musical clock was ever in her possession as the start of the French Revolution was forcing her to downsize – figuratively and eventually literally.


The revolution reached its first climax in 1789. Marie Antoinette lost her head Oct. 16, 1793, with the rebellion that toppled the monarchy ending six years later.
So the piece is very rare and is thought to be one of six remaining in the world.
The clock was purchased by Alfred I. du Pont from a Philadelphia antique dealer in 1919.

1919年に、フィラデルフィアのアンティーク商からアルフレッド・I. デュポン(Alfred I. du Pont)が買い取った。

Image: nemoursmansion.org
Alfred I. du Pont

Grace Gary, executive director of Nemours, said du Pont – having lost both his parents at age 13 – placed family in a high regard. “Everything to do with family, therefore, had incredible meaning to him,” she said.
The connection here was that du Pont’s great, great grandfather, Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, served in the court of King Louis XVI, who married Marie Antoinette in 1770.
“So whenever he had an opportunity to buy something that we in any way connected to the court of Louis XVI he did,” Gary said.
“And this came to his attention. He had a chance to buy it and he did. And it’s because of the Marie Antoinette connection,” she added.

ここでの関連性は、デュポンの曾々祖父ピエール・サミュエル・デュポン・ド・ヌムール( Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours)は、1770年にマリー・アントワネットと結婚したルイ16世の宮廷に仕えていたということだ。

Image: delawareonline.com
musical timepiece

Gary, along with other Nemours workers, watched as movers disassembled the clock, then carefully stored it in custom-made crates.
“You can see we are all a little nervous,” she said. “You’ve got three-quarters of the staff watching – just in case.”
But the staff is confident of the art handlers’ ability since they helped move most of the estate’s pieces during its 2005 restoration.


“I guess that experience, watching every single piece go away, makes this a little anti-climatic,” Gary said. “We’re perhaps a little more comfortable than we might of been.
“ But yeah, you never like to have your stuff get out of sight or out of touch,” she added.
A photo replica will remain in the mansion until the clock is returned next year.


Video clip ビデオ

delawareonline video clilp